When Nature Strikes Back

When Nature Strikes Back

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Number 8 Global Warming and Hurricanes
While the conversation on global warming has been somewhat polarizing, the vast majority
of the global scientific community has reached a consensus regarding its impact. Human activity, namely greenhouse gas emission,
is often cited as a major contributor to the global rise in temperature. One of the ways nature has struck back, when
it comes to climate change, is through more frequent and more intense instances of extreme
weather. A 2018 report has found that, ever since 1970,
the increase in greenhouse gases has contributed to the increase of hurricane activity in the
Atlantic. The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the
most active in recorded history. Monstrous events, such as Katrina or Harvey,
have wrought havoc on coastlines claiming numerous lives and billions in property damage. In recent years, there’s been increased
occurrence of category 5 hurricanes. In the past, these disastrous events would’ve
typically taken place once every one hundred years. In the 21st century, they’re sometimes separated
by less than a decade. These storms are also getting more intense,
to such a degree, that there’s an argument for creating a 6th hurricane category. The wind and precipitation intensity of tropical
cyclones have been analyzed in connection to the environmental sea surface temperatures
(or SST). Scientists have observed a connection between
elevated SST and the largest tropical cyclones. Man-made global warming is one of the main
reasons why in many areas the SST is increasing and thus, producing devastating storms. Number 7 Gruesome Poacher Death
In the spring of 2019, an unnamed rhino poacher suffered the full force of nature’s wrath
at Kruger National Park, in South Africa. The man and four other accomplices were illegally
targeting the park’s rhinos. For years, the protected animals have been
hunted for their horn and this has greatly reduced their numbers. On the black market, ground-up rhino horn
can be worth as much as gold, if not more. Park officials warn about the dangers of entering
Kruger on foot, since there are many deadly animals roaming the area. At one point during their night-time incursion,
the group of poachers was charged by an elephant. The beast trampled one of them to death as
others scrambled for their lives. Once the elephant left the area, the group
dragged the dead poacher’s mangled body to a nearby road. They did it so that a passerby might find
him in the morning and afterwards fled the park. Some of them were subsequently arrested by
the police and told the officers about what had happened. A search party was put together so that the
authorities might recover the man’s remains. They were expecting to discover his trampled
body. Instead, they only found a skull and a ripped
pair of pants. It was determined that a pride of lions had
devoured what was left of the poacher. Once the news broke on Twitter, his gruesome
death was received with little levity by a number of online users. They argued that a poacher being killed by
an elephant and having his remains devoured by lions was an example of karma at work. Conservationists, however, were troubled by
what they viewed as a simplistic approach to poaching. They argued that the poacher’s death did
nothing to reduce the demand for rhino horn nor did it influence, in any way, the larger
issue of illegal hunting. Number 6 California Wildfires
Wildfires are another example of nature’s fury, partly fueled by climate change. Few areas have been as affected in recent
years as the state of California. Over the past century, the region has warmed
by over 3.5 degrees Fahrenheit as opposed to the global average of approximately 1 degree. It’s worth mentioning that frequent fires
are not unusual in the area. That being said, over 20 of the largest fires
in the state’s history have occurred since the year 2000. A number of scientists have argued that this
is a consequence of global warming since hotter air means drier plants, which burn more readily. The climate-changed air is more effective
at drying vegetation than it was a century ago. To make matters worse, climate change may
have affected autumn wind patterns which play a major role in spreading the fires. In the fall and winter, offshore winds flow
across the state. As this happens, dry air cascades down large
mountain ranges, like the Sierras. The downward flow gets channeled into valleys
and canyons, thus picking up speed. As these winds pass over flames they carry
them, often yielding devastating results. One prime example is Camp Fire 2018, the deadliest
and most destructive wildfire in the history of California. A faulty electric transmission line ignited
the blaze and the east wind carried it downhill towards developed areas. The fire covered an area of almost 240 square
miles, generated roughly $16.5 billion in total property damage and claimed at least
85 lives. The 2018 California wildfire season was unprecedented
in destruction. The ongoing 2019 season got off to a relatively
slow start but intensified as winds picked up. As of the making of this video, thousands
of fires have already been reported, along with 5 human casualties, and the damage is
expected to increase by the end of the season. Number 5 Climate Change and Indian Floods
While fire is a prevalent problem in some parts of the world, other regions are deeply
affected by flooding. Like others on our list, these natural disasters
have also been exacerbated by climate change. The monsoon season in India usually lasts
from June to September. During this time, southwestern winds pick
up moisture from the Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean. By mid-autumn and early winter, the winds
begin to shift and blow from the other direction. It’s a seasonal cycle that’s being disrupted
by climate change as India’s starting to experience an increase in extreme weather
events. The country’s essentially alternating between
drought and flood. There are phases of insufficient rainfall
which are followed by heavy rains. In 2019, the country experienced intense heat
waves as the monsoon arrived late and with extreme rainfall. Over the course of a few days, several areas
were covered in knee-deep water. It was the heaviest monsoon that India had
seen in the past quarter of a century. The floods it unleashed affected 13 states
and over 1 million people were displaced. By some estimates, more than 1,600 people
were killed from June to October. The National Disaster Response Force rescued
over 42,000 people, in six states. While the average amount of rainfall in India
hasn’t changed, the weather is becoming more extreme and unpredictable. Between drought and flooding, the Indian population
has to deal with heat waves while preparing for a monsoon season that’s arriving later
and bringing greater destruction. Number 4 Polar Bears Invade Russian Village
In 2019, more than 56 polar bears invaded the village of Ryrkaypiy, in Russia’s far
north. All public activities in the area were cancelled
while schools and residences were guarded to protect the occupants from the beasts,
which are the largest land carnivores on Earth. In recent years, polar bear visits in Ryrkaypiy
have become so frequent that there’s an argument for evacuating the village altogether. Among the dozens of animals of different ages,
there were also mothers with cubs and almost all of them looked thin. They usually inhabit the areas around Cape
Schimdt, about 1.4 miles from the village. However, the unseasonably warm weather had
driven them towards Ryrkaypiy in search for food. According to wildlife experts they should
have already gone out to sea in order to hunt for seals or sea hares. However, they weren’t able to do so because
of weak coastal ice that couldn’t support their weight. Conservationists have argued that climate
change is to blame for the mass migration of the otherwise solitary animals, into human
settlements. Prior to the past decade, it was unusual to
see more than three or five polar bears near Ryrkaypiy at a time. Due to the melting Arctic ice, large groups
of polar bears at lower latitudes is no longer regarded as an anomaly. Earlier in 2019, a state of emergency was
declared in Novaya Zemlya after over 50 polar bears invaded the region. Many of them were seen trying to enter homes,
civic buildings and other inhabited areas. Russian law prohibits the killing of polar
bears so there’s only a matter of time until migration into human territories starts producing
casualties. Number 3 Mudslides
Over the past centuries, global deforestation has been steadily increasing, with some devastating
consequences. According to recent estimates, roughly 50,000
square miles of forest are being cut down each year. As a result, mudslides have become more frequent
and more devastating. On steep slopes the trees, plants and shrubs
have roots which help keep the land in place. They basically act as barriers and slow down
or prevent mudslides. In many places, all over the world, human
activity has removed the vegetation via logging, clearing for agriculture, mining as well as
urban or rural expansion. Mudslides can be triggered by volcanic eruptions
or earthquake but the most common cause is heavy rains. Without any vegetation to slow them down,
rocks and earth flow down the steep slopes at great speed. Mudslides can be over 30 feet tall as they
come crashing down on human settlements. In 1999, torrential rains fell on deforested
slopes in Venezuela and triggered mudslides, claiming the lives of 20,000 people. In 2006, in the Philippines, a massive mudslide
struck the province of Southern Leyte. The official death toll was 1,126. In the months leading up to the 2010 Haiti
Earthquake, a mudslide hit a hillside home in Port-au-Prince, killing a family of four. Deforestation will likely keep going up in
the years to come, particularly in developing countries, so mud slides are set to become
larger, deadlier and more frequent. Today’s video was requested by Anonymous Message. If you have any other topics you’d like to
learn about, subscriber & let us know in the comments section below. Number 2 Deforestation, War and Avalanches
By some estimates, 90% of people who die in avalanches are themselves responsible for
triggering the natural disaster. It’s a statistic that rings true in more
ways than one. Whiles individual cases of avalanche-related
incidents vary, one of the over-arching problems is deforestation. In an effort to draw in more tourists, ski
towns clear the trees from their slopes in order to create new ski runs. While this may help with tourism it also removes
an effective natural barrier for avalanches. Trees and other plants not only slow down
an avalanche but their roots also contribute to the stability of the slope. By removing them, resorts in areas prone to
the natural disaster are thus more vulnerable to destructive avalanches. A slab avalanche is the most dangerous event
of its kind. It involves the rapid movement of snow that’s
heavy and less powdery. Towns may experience power failures, damage
to buildings as well as blocked roads and railways. People caught in avalanches can die from trauma,
hypothermia or, most often, a lack of oxygen. In 1999, an avalanche struck the Austrian
resort of Galtür. It travelled at roughly 200 miles per hour
and took less than a minute to reach the village. 31 people lost their lives and numerous buildings
were obliterated. An incident from 1916, known as a “White
Friday”, serves as an adequate example of how deadly tampering with nature can be. During WWI, Italian and Austro-Hungarian troops
were fighting in the Alps, 11,000 feet above sea level. According to some reports, each side fired
shells in the weakened snow packs, trying to trigger an avalanche on the other. Nature would ultimately give the two warring
sides much more than any of them could handle. On December 13, over 200,000 tons of ice and
snow came down the side of Mount Marmolada, destroying the Austro-Hungarian barracks. 270 people were buried alive. That night another avalanche struck the Italian
barracks, farther down the mountain. After White Friday, subsequent avalanches
in the region killed more than 10,000 soldiers, on all sides. Altogether, in terms of destruction from sheer
ice and snow, it’s the deadliest avalanche disaster in history. Number 1 Tiger Vengeance
In 1997, Vladimir Markov was hunting in Russia’s Far East, a region known for the presence
of wolves and caribou but also tigers. Markov’s story is remembered as a unique
case of a hunter becoming the hunted and as a stark example of nature’s vengeance. He was reportedly hunting without a license
when he encountered a tiger feeding on a fresh kill. The big cat’s pelt was not only a sought-after
trophy but also a lucrative black-market product. Markov took aim with his rifle and shot at
the tiger but only managed to wound the animal. The feline fled and the poacher didn’t think
much of it, believing that he’d only missed his chance at making a profit. Markov stole part of the tiger’s kill and
then carried on with his hunting trip. Unbeknownst to him, the deadly predator had
already caught his scent. From that point on, the story takes a strange
and terrifying turn. The tiger tracked the poacher back to his
cabin and destroyed anything that had his scent on it. Afterwards, the tiger patiently waited, for
up to 48 hours, until the poacher returned. Once Markov got back, the tiger viciously
pounced on him, dragged him in the woods and devoured his body. It was a uniquely premeditated attack as no
one has ever heard of a tiger actively hunting a human in this manner. Interviews conducted with locals, from different
generations, put forward the idea that the beast had primarily sought vengeance. The tiger maintained the idea of killing the
hunter, who’d wounded it and stolen its kill, for several hours and was unusually
systematic in the attack. The real-life incident inspired a book called
“The Tiger: A True Story of Vengeance and Survival” by John Vaillant. He researched the story extensively and concluded
that human action had driven the tiger’s behavior. Vaillant wrote that “If the tiger hadn’t
been shot, there would be no story.” Thanks for watching! Would you rather get struck by lightning or
by a prime Mike Tyson? Let us know in the comments section below!

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